A great man..he's judged unfairly; CHAMBERLAIN VERDICT: BY HIS GRANDDAUGHTER.Byline: ADRIAN SHAW Adrian Shaw may refer to:
HE was derided as the Prime Minister who could have stopped Hitler but instead opted for appeasement appeasement
Foreign policy of pacifying an aggrieved nation through negotiation in order to prevent war. The prime example is Britain's policy toward Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany in the 1930s. .
Many believe Neville Chamberlain's policy encouraged the Nazi dictator's imperialism and led to the horror of the Second World War.
But as historians made fresh claims this week that Chamberlain - PM from 1937 to 1940 - was a weak leader, his granddaughter defended him against "cheap shots" he "wasn't cut out to lead Britain" in times of war. Mary de Vere De Vere may mean:
She added: "He was under no illusions about the person he was dealing with.
"To forge somebody's reputation on the last three years of life is incredibly unfair. Had his career ended in 1937 before he became Prime Minister, he would probably have been seen as one of the great social reformers of the inter-war period.
"You just have to live with it, but it's very difficult when personal opinions are bandied about as facts, people get misquoted, documents are misread mis·read
tr.v. mis·read , mis·read·ing, mis·reads
1. To read inaccurately.
2. To misinterpret or misunderstand: misread our friendly concern as prying. or mistranslated and cheap shots are fired." Historians have accused Chamberlain of under-estimating Hitler by adopting appeasement in the run up to war.
His diary and other letters, recently put on display at the Imperial War Museum, showed he accidentally entered "War declared" on September 4, 1939, before re-writing it under September 3. In one letter he declared that at times he had "nothing to do".
And Terry Charman, a historian at the museum in London, said: "He wasn't a war minister. He wasn't cut out to lead Britain to victory."
Chamberlain's bid to avoid war culminated in Britain and France agreeing that the Czech region of Sudetenland should be ceded to Germany.
And when a non-aggression pact A non-aggression pact is an international treaty between two or more states, agreeing to avoid war or armed conflict between them and resolve their disputes through peaceful negotiations. was signed in Munich in September 1938, Chamberlain arrived back in the UK the accord with the Germans signalled "peace for our time".
Less than a year later Nazi troops invaded Poland and Chamberlain was forced to declare war. He resigned the premiership on May 10, 1940, after no Germany invaded the Netherlands, Belgium and France. He was succeeded by Winston Churchill
But Ms de Vere Taylor said that as health minister, Chamberlain was responsible for many "innovative" social reforms, including paid holidays for workers and free medical check-ups. She said: "That has tended to be forgotten."
Historian David Dutton also insisted yesterday Neville Chamberlain should be praised for his handling of the war.
Prof Dutton, of the University of Liverpool The University of Liverpool is a university in the city of Liverpool, England. History
The University was established in 1881 as University College Liverpool, admitting its first students in 1882. , said the former PM was a "highly intelligent, strong man". He argued that few could have done a better job, and that he had been cast in a bad light only with the benefit of hindsight.
He said: "Chamberlain did misunderstand Hitler because he failed to see he was unappeasable. However, it's all too easy for us to say that because we can look backwards - we know the barbarity of his regime. But Chamberlain was right to try to avoid war for as long as possible.
"Britain was in no position to fight in the 30s. We didn't have the military harddeclaring ware or the Hurricanes and Spitfires which played a major part in saving us in the Battle of Britain Battle of Britain, in World War II, series of air battles between Great Britain and Germany, fought over Britain from Aug. to Oct., 1940. As a prelude to a planned invasion of England, Germany attacked British coastal defenses, radar stations, and shipping. On Aug. two years later.
"We also didn't have the Allies, we couldn't rely on the US, Russia or the countries of the Commonwealth.
"People also grossly over-estimated how bad war would be, they thought it would be nuclear war. There were very few in 1938 saying we ought to fight now.
"A year later people felt that Hitler had to be stopped, there was a reluctant acceptance we had to go to war."
Chamberlain, who married Anne de Vere Cole and had two children, never lived to see the war end - dying of bowel cancer six months after leaving office.
WW2 in numbers in numbered parts; as, a book published in numbers.
See also: Number
5.7m European Jews killed in the Holocaust
2,402 killed in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour 1,224 on December 8 1941
4.2m British homes were damaged or destroyed by bombing
60m people were killed during World War II.. 4% of the total global population
5,638 planes were at the disposal of the Luftwaffe in 1940
1,070 planes were at the disposal of the RAF in 1940
7 nations fought for the Axis alliance
1,224 air raid warnings were heard by Londoners between 1939 and 1945
21 nations fought on the Allied side
14 countries were occupied
1 known survivor of both nuclear attacks on Japan. Tsutomu Yamaguchi is now 93 and lives in Nagasaki
247 days.. the length of the Blitz
449,800 British military & civilian dead
72 months from Britain's declaration of war on Germany to V-J Day
60,400 civilian air raid deaths in Britain
543,000 civilian air raid deaths in Germany
DEFIANT St Paul's Cathedral This article is about the cathedral church of the diocese of London. For other cathedrals consecrated to Saint Paul, see Cathedral of Saint Paul.
St Paul's Cathedral survived despite being targeted in the Blitz DIARY PM scrawled in wrong day for the start of the war 1938 He declares "Peace for our time" after meeting Hitler NO WAR Daily Mirror on September 30, 1938 JUDGED Neville Chamberlain, PM from 1937-1940