A common solution for materials declaration: the new IPC-1750 series standardize the collection, tracking and disclosing of material content.
Ed.: The IPC-1750 standards and users guide are available as a free download at ipc.org/175x. For the complete article, see www.pcdandm.com/cms/content/ view/2420/95
RoHS Directive is driving electronics manufacturers to manage and exchange product content information across the supply chain. While material declarations are not considered sufficient on their own to ensure RoHS compliance, they provide a key building block for an overall compliance model. The most efficient approach to exchanging material composition data is to standardize stan·dard·ize
1. To cause to conform to a standard.
2. To evaluate by comparing with a standard. process and formats, which is what the new IPC-1750 series of standards does.
Development of the IPC-1750 series began with two iNEMI projects that brought together users and solution providers to shape standards-based processes for communicating materials content data. The specifications they developed were handed off to the IPC Declaration Process Management subcommittee for development and standardization standardization
In industry, the development and application of standards that make it possible to manufacture a large volume of interchangeable parts. Standardization may focus on engineering standards, such as properties of materials, fits and tolerances, and drafting . More than 50 of the largest OEMs, EMS providers and suppliers helped define the business requirements and develop specifications for these standards.
Enter IPC-1752. IPC-1752, "Materials Declaration Management," provides a common data model and standardized forms to simplify the way industry collects, tracks and discloses material content information. It supports small- and mid-sized companies, where the interaction is more likely to be manual, as well as multinationals, where IT budgets can support automation and direct B2B (Business to Business) Refers to one business communicating with or selling to another. See B2B e-commerce, B2C and B2G.
B2B - business to business transactions.
IPC-1752 was released in February, with a number of major OEMs, EMS providers and component manufacturers declaring their support and intentions for adoption. Draft versions of the standard have been wrung wrung
Past tense and past participle of wring.
the past of wring
wrung wring through multiple pilots, with some companies actually using it in production for more than eight months.
Currently the RoHS Directive does not require producers or suppliers to provide material composition declarations (MCDs). However, it is generally recognized that MCDs are needed to manage compliance risk, support supplier liability claims and perform product level compliance analysis. Further, there are references made to "technical documentation" and material declarations in the RoHS Guidance documents published by the U.K. Department of Trade and Industry The Department of Trade and Industry was a United Kingdom government department which was disbanded with the announcement of the creation of the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform on 28 June 2007. . These documents indicate that producers are expected to collect and maintain documentation that will support that they have conducted "due diligence Research; analysis; your homework. This term has caught on in all industries, because it sounds so "wired." Who would want to do analysis or research when they can do due diligence. See wired. " in ensuring that their suppliers are providing compliant parts.
FIGURE 1 provides a framework of related directives and standards. IPC-1752 directly references work done by EIA (Electronic Industries Alliance, Arlington, VA, www.eia.org) A membership organization founded in 1924 as the Radio Manufacturing Association. It sets standards for consumer products and electronic components. , JGPSSI and JEDEC The division of the Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA) that deals with semiconductor standards (officially, the JEDEC Solid State Technology Association of EIA). JEDEC was formed in 1958 when the Joint Electron Tube Engineering Council (JETEC) split into two Joint Electron Device in the Joint Industry Guide (JIG) standard, which defines the reportable substances and threshold levels Noun 1. threshold level - the intensity level that is just barely perceptible
intensity, intensity level, strength - the amount of energy transmitted (as by acoustic or electromagnetic radiation); "he adjusted the intensity of the sound"; "they measured the . IPC-1752 also integrates work done on electronic forms and exchange standards by RosettaNet. The IPC standard's XML schema The definition of an XML document, which includes the XML tags and their interrelationships. Residing within the document itself, an XML schema may be used to verify the integrity of the content. is aligned with RosettaNet's 2A13 and 2A15 PIPs.
[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]
IPC-1752, along with the International Electrotechnical Commission's Publicly Available Specification document 61906 (which provides high-level requirements for material declarations) and JIG 101 form the basis for a material declaration standard that has been proposed to the IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission, Geneva, Switzerland, www.iec.ch) An organization that sets international electrical and electronics standards founded in 1906. It is made up of national committees from over 60 countries.
IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission committee responsible for standards supporting environmental stewardship The integration and application of environmental values into the military mission in order to sustain readiness, improve quality of life, strengthen civil relations, and preserve valuable natural resources. of electronics products. While other formats for material declarations are being used or developed (examples include Japan's JGPSSI spreadsheet and the automotive industry's Compliance Connect spreadsheet), none has the international support and momentum that IPC-1752 is now receiving.
Flavors of IPC-1752
IPC-1752 meets key business requirements while providing the flexibility needed to support different elements of the supply chain. It provides several user configuration options, is platform independent (Windows, Linux, Solaris, Mac) and does not require suppliers to purchase specific software to complete declarations.
The standard includes a single data model and supporting XML schema, plus there are two forms, IPC-1752-1 and IPC-1752-2. The forms, based on Adobe .pdf forms, use a UML (Unified Modeling Language) An object-oriented analysis and design language from the Object Management Group (OMG). Many design methodologies for describing object-oriented systems were developed in the late 1980s. data model developed with the assistance of the National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology, governmental agency within the U.S. Dept. of Commerce with the mission of "working with industry to develop and apply technology, measurements, and standards" in the national interest. . They can be printed or exchanged via electronic means from e-mail and Web interfaces. TABLE 1 shows how the two forms support the various reporting levels Reporting Level
A level of ownership of a specific futures position wherein the holders exceed the stated amounts and are required by the CFTC to submit daily reports.
Also known as reporting limit. .
The standard supports three levels of declaration:
1. Item-level RoHS declaration in yes/no format, with identification of any applicable exemptions (supported by both forms).
2. RoHS and JIG level A and B and other substances requested, declared at the item level (except for RoHS restrictions) with identification of any applicable exemptions, as well as providing substance ppm or weight if above thresholds. (Requestors would choose IPC-1752-1 form if they want this level.)
3. Declaration of RoHS, JIG A and B, and other substances at the homogeneous material level, up to full declaration and also including identification of any applicable exemptions. (Requestors would choose IPC-1752-2 form if they want this level.)
While there are technically six classes of reporting, there are really only the original three required levels of declaration, with the ability to include manufacturing process information, such as lead finish, maximum reflow (1) The process of heating and melting the solder that has been screen printed onto a printed circuit board in order to bond chips and other components to the board. Surface mount chips (SMT) use the reflow method. Contrast with wave soldering. See also reflowable text. temperature and moisture sensitivity level Moisture Sensitivity Level relates to the packaging and handling precautions for some semiconductors. The MSL is an electronic standard for the time period in which a moisture sensitive device can be exposed to ambient room conditions (approximately 30°C/60%RH). .
IPC-1752 integrates and leverages several industry efforts, establishing a common solution that is shaped not only by regulatory guidelines but also by industry needs and requirements. It can help eliminate the costly and burdensome use of multiple material declaration formats. At the same time, it provides flexibility, allowing users to select from several options in terms of the level and scope of the data requested. While no standard is perfect, rapid adoption of IPC-1752 represents the best available option for the industry to efficiently meet the business and information needs of the impending im·pend
intr.v. im·pend·ed, im·pend·ing, im·pends
1. To be about to occur: Her retirement is impending.
2. RoHS Directive.
RICHARD KUBIN is vice president of E2open Inc. (www.e2open.com) and co-chair of the IPC 2-18 Supplier Declaration Subcommittee (responsible for the 1750 standards). He also chaired the iNEMI Materials Composition Data Exchange Project; firstname.lastname@example.org.
TABLE 1. Six Classes of Reporting CLASS DESCRIPTION FORM TYPE Class 1 RoHS reporting at a homogeneous IPC-1752-1, IPC-1752-2 level in yes/no format Class 2 Same as Class 1, with the addition IPC-1752-1, IPC-1752-2 of manufacturing process reporting Class 3 RoHS reporting at a homogeneous level in yes/no format RoHS substance reporting at a IPC-1752-1 homogeneous level and other JIG A & B substance reporting at the part level plus other substances at the part level Class 4 Same as Class 3, with the addition IPC-1752-1 of manufacturing process reporting Class 5 RoHS reporting at a homogeneous level in yes/no format Substance reporting at the IPC-1752-2 homogeneous level. JIG A & B substance list provided, other substances can be added Class 6 Same as Class 5, with the addition IPC-1752-2 of manufacturing process reporting