A civil society: More sector, less government in 2017. (The Non-Profit Times Fifteen Years).The NonProfit Times, a bit uncertainly and without the gloss and color that now grace its pages, made its first appearance early in 1987. Within months of the debut, the nonprofit world had been fundamentally transformed. And barely two years later, communism would fall in Eastern Europe Eastern Europe
The countries of eastern Europe, especially those that were allied with the USSR in the Warsaw Pact, which was established in 1955 and dissolved in 1991. and a whole set of global political and economic realities would be fundamentally reshaped.
The launch of The NPT NPT National Pipe Taper (pipe thread specification)
NPT Non-Proliferation Treaty
NPT Nonprofit Times
NPT Newport (Rhode Island)
NPT Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
NPT Neath Port Talbot , its readers will be relieved to know, had almost nothing to do with these fundamental changes. But the public emergence of "cause-related marketing" in 1987, and the rediscovery of the idea of "civil society" during the revolt against communism throughout Eastern Europe in 1989, continue to challenge and reshape the way the nonprofit organization Nonprofit Organization
An association that is given tax-free status. Donations to a non-profit organization are often tax deductible as well.
Examples of non-profit organizations are charities, hospitals and schools. is conceived and evaluated. They form my two nominations for the most fundamental shifts in the world of nonprofit action since the founding of the NPT.
Cause related marketing
Cause-related marketing has been practiced by American corporations since the 1960s, when the Insurance Company of America guaranteed a contribution to CARE with every policy it sold. The practice became a matter of some controversy in the nonprofit field in 1987, following on a highly visible American Express American Express (NYSE: AXP), sometimes known as "AmEx" or "Amex", is a diversified global financial services company, headquartered in New York City. The company is best known for its credit card, charge card and traveler's cheque businesses. campaign to donate a penny from each card use to the restoration fund for the Statue of Liberty Statue of Liberty
great symbolic structure in New York harbor. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 284]
See : America
Statue of Liberty
perhaps the most famous monument to independence. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 284]
See : Freedom . Card use increased by 28 percent within a year, and more than $2 million was raised for the fund.
Maurice G. Gurin, the late and pioneering fundraising consultant, warned in 1987 that the introduction of cause-related marketing practices might come to represent "an almost irresistible temptation for hard-pressed organizations, and for the fundraisers that serve them." Gum warned, "With the foresight of lemmings bent on Adj. 1. bent on - fixed in your purpose; "bent on going to the theater"; "dead set against intervening"; "out to win every event"
bent, dead set, out to self-destruction ... increasing numbers of fundraisers have been welcoming marketing into the fundraising fold. Welcoming is an understatement: they have become zealous proselytes of this doctrinal import from Madison Avenue Madison Avenue, celebrated street of Manhattan, borough of New York City. It runs from Madison Square (23d St.) to the Madison Bridge over the Harlem River (138th St.). In the 1940s and 50s, some of the major U.S. ; they are preaching its gospel."
What Gum foresaw was that, once nonprofit organizations yielded to the donor's desire to link their giving to their marketing desires, the nonprofit placed itself in the position of becoming a corporate subsidiary. As business reporter Myra Stark put it in a recent New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of Times article: "What makes cause-related marketing so successful is the consumer's desire to find meaning and value in all aspects of life, including where they work and what they buy."
Writer Gayle Gifford has observed, "As the number of nonprofit organizations continues to grow, and the search for new sources of revenues gets harder and harder, more nonprofits are investigating cause marketing relationships with business. With little to no out-of-pocket costs out-of-pocket costs Managed care Health care costs that a covered person must pay out of pocket–eg, coinsurance, deductibles, etc. See Copayment. , the cause-related marketing promise of greatly improved public awareness and new revenues is hard for most charities to resist."
Recent reviews of the nonprofit literature suggest that cause related marketing has become established practice throughout much of nonprofitdom. The old manager's joke about "tainted money" (T'aint enough) has become accepted practice among many organizations. Moreover, the enthusiasm that has greeted the aggressive entry of "venture philanthropists" into the field adds further concern that the commodification Commodification (or commoditization) is the transformation of what is normally a non-commodity into a commodity, or, in other words, to assign value. As the word commodity has distinct meanings in business and in Marxist theory, commodification of the sector is in full bloom full bloom
the stage of a crop when two-thirds of the plants are in flower; the crop is mature. .
September 11 brought a new wave of acceptance to cause related marketing. As The Washington post put it: "For hundreds of U.S. companies hawking products including jewelry, sneakers sneakers
US, Canad, Austral & NZ canvas shoes with rubber soles
sneakers npl (US) → zapatos mpl de lona; zapatillas fpl and credit cards, the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks have provided an extraordinarily successful marketing tool. And the sales, which guarantee a portion will go to the American Red Cross American Red Cross: see Red Cross. or other charities, have created an unprecedented boos in donations with millions of dollars still pouring in from Christmas-related sales of heart-shaped pins, coffee mugs and courage candles among others."
The idea of civil society
My second nomination of a transforming force remains more conceptual than practical at the time. This is the idea of civil society," which re-entered the discourse of activists and intellectuals alike upon the fall of the Soviet empire in 1989-90.
The acceptance of the civil society concept by such leading scholars as Johns Hopkins' Lester Salamon The subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline for Biographies. If you are familiar with the subject matter, please expand or rewrite the article to establish its notability. and long-time Independent Sector Vice President Virginia Hodgkinson indicates its current power. In recent work, Salamon writes of a civil society sector" in place of the "nonprofit sector" concept, and his current title at Johns Hopkins Noun 1. Johns Hopkins - United States financier and philanthropist who left money to found the university and hospital that bear his name in Baltimore (1795-1873)
2. has become Director of the "Center for Civil Society Studies. Hodgkinson, now a research faculty member at Georgetown University Georgetown University, in the Georgetown section of Washington, D.C.; Jesuit; coeducational; founded 1789 by John Carroll, chartered 1815, inc. 1844. Its law and medical schools are noteworthy, and its archives are especially rich in letters and manuscripts by and , has turned her attention to leading the American contingent in a 22-nation study of civil society, a massive project supported by the Ford Foundation that is expected to generate several volumes of research reports.
The real importance of the civil society concept for the nonprofit leader's, however, lies in its power as the emerging metaphor for this sector in the years ahead. Some 15 years from now, when the NPT celebrates its 30th, I can fore thart it will have changed its name. The "non profit" idea may not have enough kick to last another 15 years. I see it being replaced by the much more vibrant concept of "civil society.
The nonprofit image, after all, was pasted over what we called the "voluntary" sector before the time of Reagan -- an era in which it was thought that donors would only support organizations that were managed like businesses, with leaders credentialled with management degrees developed along the lines of the MBAs and MPAs already established for business and government. A singularly unexciting term, "nonprofit" does little for the general public save give rise to the tired joke of the unsuccessful businessperson: "My business is nonprofit, too."
Civil society, on the other hand, excites interest and invites participation. Civil society appeals because of its many implications:
* It sounds better to be "civil" to each other than to be uncivil;
* Things civil also seem rather less regimented than what is militarized mil·i·ta·rize
tr.v. mil·i·ta·rized, mil·i·ta·riz·ing, mil·i·ta·riz·es
1. To equip or train for war.
2. To imbue with militarism.
3. To adopt for use by or in the military. or bureaucratic; and, of course,
* A civil society has a welcome ring to it in a time of uncertainty and social turbulence.
The coming struggle
The coming 15 years will see a titanic struggle in American society, and within its third (nonprofit, civil society) sector as well. Will the ideas of "cause-related marketing" and "venture philanthropy Venture philanthropy takes concepts and techniques from Venture Capital finance and high technology business management and applies them to achieving philanthropic goals.
Venture philanthropy is characterized by:
1. Experiencing or tending to bring about renewal or revival.
2. Sweeping or surging back again.
Adj. 1. civil society?
For the short run, the corporate forces seem strongly in control. Their spokespersons own the White House, and the president's position is being sustained by his vigorous prosecution of a popular war. Concepts and programs focused on "service" to the needy and "homeland defense" dominate official thinking, as administrative leaders in Washington describe visions of vastly increased numbers of Americans offering two years of unpaid commitment to these causes. Third sector efforts involving "advocacy" and "protest" are shunted to the side as unpatriotic in a time of national vigilance and militarization mil·i·ta·rize
tr.v. mil·i·ta·rized, mil·i·ta·riz·ing, mil·i·ta·riz·es
1. To equip or train for war.
2. To imbue with militarism.
3. To adopt for use by or in the military. .
But political cycles, and the underlying social dynamics Social dynamics is the study of the ability of a society to react to inner and outer changes and deal with its regulation mechanisms. Social dynamics is a mathematically inspired approach to analyse societies, building upon systems theory and sociology. that they represent, tend to turn around. As the impacts of large federal budget cuts for social programs, combined with the anticipated "jobless recovery" from the recession of 2001, begin to manifest themselves on the community level -- mediated as they already are by unprecedented budgetary shortfalls within state governments -- the need for a far richer set of third sector responses will soon become apparent. The limits of corporation-dominated nonprofitdom may become more widely recognized, and the songs of civil society may more strongly come to echo from churches, union halls, and colleges throughout the land.
Those who seek to predict the future soon learn that the gods give no guarantees in that endeavor. But this columnist, as with all his readers, may confess to his hopes. By 2017, I can envision my column continuing to run in a newly re-titled Civil Society Times.
Jon VanTil is professor of Urban Studies at the Camden, N.J., campus of Rutgers University and is the author of the books "Critical Issues in American Philanthropy" and "Mapping The Third Sector," and "Growing Civil Society: From Nonprofit Sector to Third Space."