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7th Fleet experiment probes Navy's near-term concerns.

Worries about the proliferation of diesel submarines and long-range ballistic missiles shaped combat scenarios during a recent U.S. Navy war game.

The Navy's 7th Fleet tested several new concepts of operations and technologies during a command exercise in May called "Tandem Thrust," held in conjunction with a fleet battle experiment that consisted mostly of simulated forces and platforms.

This fleet battle experiment, known as FBE-K, focused on near-term concerns about the Navy's undersea warfare Operations conducted to establish battlespace dominance in the underwater environment, which permits friendly forces to accomplish the full range of potential missions and denies an opposing force the effective use of underwater systems and weapons.  skills, theater missile A missile, which may be a ballistic missile, a cruise missile, or an air-to-surface missile (not including short-range, non-nuclear, direct fire missiles, bombs, or rockets such as Maverick or wire-guided missiles), whose target is within a given theater of operation. Also called TM.  defense and rapid-targeting capabilities. It gave commanders an opportunity to figure out how to implement technologies the Navy plans to deploy in the foreseeable future, said Navy Cmdr. John W. Covell, the director of the experiment.

He noted that, traditionally, fleet battle experiments have served as trial grounds for futuristic concepts that were not necessarily based on near-term concerns. This time around, however, the Pacific-based 7th Fleet, which sponsored the war game, decided it needed to address more immediate priorities.

"Rather than go out and play with new toys, we looked hard at what we need to do in the near future to tighten up Verb 1. tighten up - restrict; "Tighten the rules"; "stiffen the regulations"
constrain, stiffen, tighten

confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the
 how we do business and correctly employ the systems," Covell said.

These systems included the Joint Fires Fires produced during the employment of forces from two or more components in coordinated action toward a common objective. See also fires.  Network and the Area Air Defense Commander System. The fleet also tested a new offensive anti-submarine warfare concept that relies on a low-frequency active sensor--a controversial system that, according to environmental groups, harms many marine mammals marine mammals

mammals inhabiting the sea; generally taken to include the cetaceans (whales, porpoise, dolphin), the sirenians (sea-cows, including manatees and dugong) and the pinnipeds (the carnivores of the group, seals, sealions, walruses).

The Joint Fires Network is a complex "black-box" architecture that links sensors electronically and consolidates input from multiple sources to a common database, shared by users aboard ships or airplanes.

The Area Air Defense Commander System is a planning software tool to help plot the location of air-defense assets in the theater.

Both the JFN JFN Joint Fires Network
JFN Just for Now
JFN Jefferson, Ohio (Airport Code)
JFN Jasper First Church of the Nazarene (Jasper, Alabama) 
 and the AADCS AADCS Area Air Defense Commanders System  were installed on the USS Blue Ridge Three US Navy ships have been named USS Blue Ridge for the Blue Ridge Mountains.
  • The first Blue Ridge was originally constructed as the Great Lakes passenger steamer Virginia and was in service for less than a year during 1918.
, a sophisticated command ship, operating off the coast of Guam. In the experiment, the joint commander of the air war, an Air Force officer known as the JFAC JFAC Job For A Cowboy (Arizona band)
JFAC Joint Finance-Appropriations Committee
JFAC Joint Force Air Component (UK)
JFAC John Felix Anthony Cena (professional wrestler) 
, was stationed back in Hawaii and used the AADCS tools to plot the location of anti-missile defenses. Navy personnel operated the JFAC equipment.

Covell said this sort of arrangement marked a drastic departure from conventional war-fighting practices. Typically, commanders "reach back" via satellite communications links from the front lines to the rear (such as a military base in the United States). In this case, the JFAC "reached forward" to the Blue Ridge to get the information he needed from the AADCS.

The JFAC usually is responsible for organizing air defenses. He used the AADCS to help establish where to place anti-missile defense systems throughout the theater, such as Patriot batteries and Aegis cruisers. Covell said the AADCS technology is a significant breakthrough for the Navy. Where to place the "shooters," historically, has been based on "guesswork," he said. "This system removes a lot of the guesswork."

Experiments with JFN, meanwhile, were designed to sort out procedures associated with "time-critical strike" operations, requiring commanders to have weapons on target" within minutes after the target has been spotted.

The JFN linked the Blue Ridge with a simulated Australian warship warship, any ship built or armed for naval combat. The forerunners of the modern warship were the men-of-war of the 18th and early 19th cent., such as the ship of the line, frigate, corvette, sloop of war (see sloop), brig, and cutter. , a virtual DDX DDx

abbreviation for differential diagnosis; used in medical records.
 (the Navy's future destroyer) located in Dahlgren, Va., and an E-2C E-2C Hawkeye; Navy Airborne Warning and Control System Aircraft  Hawkeye early-warning radar aircraft simulator, located in Newport, R.I. Newport is home to the Naval Warfare Development Command, which helps organize annual fleet battle experiments.

"The shooters were responding to calls for fires that were routed through the JFN on the Blue Ridge," Covell explained. In a "decision cell" onboard the Blue Ridge, commanders would match up shooters with targets.

The shooters were the Australian ship, DDX and the Hawkeye, which had simulated fighter jets flying under its control.

Unlike the real E-2C aircraft, the Hawkeye simulator had a satellite imagery terminal (called tactical exploitation system) that received live pictures.

The anti-submarine experiments tested a so-called "common undersea picture" technology installed on the USS USS
1. United States Senate

2. United States ship

USS abbr (= United States Ship) → Namensteil von Schiffen der Kriegsmarine
 Carl Vinson aircraft carrier and a couple of other ships. The CUP is a planning software tool to help the theater commander analyze sectors of the ocean and, based on potential threats, decide where to place defensive assets.

"The CUP technology was used extensively for the first time in support of a major exercise," Covell said.

The undersea warfare experiments employed a 16w-frequency active sensor, which the Navy believes is much more effective than passive sonar in detecting quiet enemy submarines.

The use of this sensor is prohibited, due to environmental concerns, but a court order allowed the Navy to deploy it only for this fleet battle experiment.

The low-frequency active sensor is a set of acoustic transmitters suspended by cable beneath a surface ship. These "projectors" produce an underwater sound pulse or ping, much as a stereo speaker turns electrical impulses into audible sound waves in the air.

Vice Adm. Robert F. Willard Admiral Robert F. Willard became the 32nd Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet (COMPACFLT) on May 8, 2007.[1] He is responsible for the world’s largest fleet command, encompassing 100 million square miles and more than 170 ships and submarines, 1,300 aircraft, and 122, , commander of the 7th Fleet, said he views undersea warfare skills and technologies as "one of the biggest challenges we face in the U. S. Navy today."

Exercises such as Tandem Thrust and FBE-K are opportunities for the fleet to explore concepts in offensive, anti-submarine warfare, Willard said in an interview with the Joint Information Bureau.

Willard stressed that it is important for the Navy to test systems such as the AADCS and JFN in large-scale experiments, because they are technologies that "haven't really matured yet." In the area of "time sensitive targeting," he added, "we actually borrowed some lessons learned from Iraqi Freedom."

Even if the technologies are not ready for real-world operations, the Navy must continue to work on "tactics, techniques, and procedures development," he said. "Some of it is just getting the process right, so we are exchanging the right information, at the right time, to the right people, to be able to get it into the hands of a war fighter who can direct some form of fires against the target and destroy the target--and do it all in minutes instead of hours."

Another new concept tested in the war game was the Expeditionary Strike Croup croup (krp), acute obstructive laryngitis in young children, usually between the ages of three and six. . An ESG ESG Enterprise Strategy Group (Veritas)
ESG Emergency Shelter Grant (Florida, USA)
ESG Expeditionary Strike Group
ESG Electronic Service Guide (used in DVB) 
 is an expanded amphibious ready group An Amphibious Ready Group of the United States Navy consists of a Navy element—a group of ships known as an amphibious task force (ATF)—and a landing force (LF) of United States Marines (and occasionally, United States Army troops), in total about 5,000 people.  that also includes surface combatants and submarines. "It's got great potential," Willard said. "This is a new war-fighting concept that meets our transformation goal of trying to have more striking capabilities in more places all at once."

The lessons and after-action reviews from Tandem Thrust and FBE-K will be studied by the Naval Warfare Development Command and forwarded to the Combined Fleet Forces Command.
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Author:Erwin, Sandra I.
Publication:National Defense
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jul 1, 2003
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