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25th census of world casting production - 1990.

Most major producers reported a slight decline in casting output during 1990, according to modern casting's 25th Census of World Casting Production. Overall, 1990's production total reflected no significant drop from modem casting's 1989 figures. Of the 25 countries reporting tonnages for 1990, six had production increases and 19 reported decreases of varying magnitudes. Previous estimates were used for five of the 30 nations in this year's census.

The former Federal Republic of Germany was the only leading producer that increased casting production during this period-from 4.18 million metric tons in 1989 to 4.25 million in 1990. West Germany's 1990 totals showed a decrease in gray iron castings, a rise in ductile iron and copper-based casting production, and relatively stable output in other metal categories.

Five other countries also reported production increases: South Korea, to 1.4 million metric tons; Austria, to 251,685; Denmark, to 122,213; Portugal, to 110,585; and Zambia, to 17,743.

Production in the Soviet Union, the largest 1989 casting producer according to a major revised estimate by modem casting, dropped from 20-25 million metric tons to an estimated 18 million in 1990.

The United States remained the world's second-largest casting producer, although its totals fell from about I I million metric tons in 1989 to an estimated 10.2 million in 1990. it should be noted that the 1990 total includes 1989 nonferrous tonnages because 1990 figures had not been released yet by the U.S. Dept. Commerce as of press time.

Following the USSR and United States-and also recording decreases were the following million-plus producers: People's Republic of China with 8.86 million metric tons; Japan, 6.8 million; France, 2.38 million; the United Kingdom, 1.42 million; Poland, 1.26 million; and Romania, 1.02 million.

Canada's production slipped from 789,724 metric tons in 1989 to 668,680 in 1990. Not enough updated tonnages were received this year to determine Mexico's production trend.

When examining modern casting's breakdown of each country's casting production, readers should keep in mind that some nations have combined their metal production under one category (gray iron) for convenience.

The Census of World Casting Production has been compiled for 25 consecutive years by modem casting to serve metalcasters, foundry equipment manufacturers, suppliers and others by citing worldwide trends in metal casting production. This is the only census of its kind available anywhere.

Tonnage information that is received after the publishing deadline will appear in the monthly "Around the World" department of modem casting.

Photocopies of the preceding 24 years' censuses are available from the AFS Library.

Any suggestions or comments regarding the annual census should be directed to: Publisher/editor, modern casting, American Foundrymen's Society, Inc., 505 State St., Des Plaines, Illinois 60016-8399 USA; 708/824-0181; and fax 708/824-7848. 71
COPYRIGHT 1991 American Foundry Society, Inc.
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Copyright 1991, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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Title Annotation:Special Report: International Metalcasting Trends
Publication:Modern Casting
Date:Dec 1, 1991
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