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2010 White House Conference on Children and Youth

From 1909 to 1970, seven (once every decade) White House Conferences on Children and Youth took place in Washington, DC. These conferences were devoted to improving the lives of children across the nation.

The 1909 President Theodore Roosevelt White House Conference on the Care of Dependent Children opposed the institutionalization Institutionalization

The gradual domination of financial markets by institutional investors, as opposed to individual investors. This process has occurred throughout the industrialized world.
 of dependent and neglected children, and established the Federal Children's Bureau The Children's Bureau may refer to:
  • The United States Children's Bureau, a U.S. federal agency created in 1912 to combat child abuse.
  • The National Children's Bureau, a London-based charity exploring a range of issues involving children.
. Other results of the conference included the development of the widow's pension movement, the growth of adoption agencies, the establishment of boarding-out care for children who were not adopted, and the formation of the cottage plan that replaced the congregate con·gre·gate  
tr. & intr.v. con·gre·gat·ed, con·gre·gat·ing, con·gre·gates
To bring or come together in a group, crowd, or assembly. See Synonyms at gather.

adj.
1. Gathered; assembled.

2.
 institution.

The 1919 White House Conference on Standards of Child Welfare of President Wilson produced the first significant report on child health and welfare standards, and made recommendations about child labor laws Federal and state legislation that protects children by restricting the type and hours of work they perform.

The specific purpose of child labor laws is to safeguard children against harm generally associated with child labor, such as exposure to hazardous, unsanitary, or
. The 1929 Conference created the most comprehensive report on the needs of children ever written. President Hoover and Congress allocated $500,000 for 1,200 experts to meet and create 643 documents which were given to 3,000 attendees. It also created the National Children's Charter. The 1939 Conference on Children in a Democracy collected research and published an 85-page volume with 98 recommendations which led to the 1943 Emergency, Maternity & Infant Care Program. The Mid-Century Conference of President Truman in 1950 focused on healthy personality development. This was the first conference youth were invited to and each state could also submit a report. Federal funding was limited to $150,000 and was the initial program listing the participants' expertise on the physical and emotional aspects of children. There were 460 national organizations and 200 foreign representatives and racial groups represented (full content found in Appendix E through N, CLWA CLWA Chip-Level Weibull Analysis
CLWA Children living with AIDS (Lancaster, OH) 
.org, January 2008). The 1960 Golden Anniversary White House Conference had 7,000 delegates. The theme was to promote opportunities for children and youth to realize their full potential for a creative life in freedom and dignity. This Eisenhower Conference had 210 work groups and 670 final recommendations but no federal funding to support implementation. The last conference, in 1970, strived to strengthen the individuality individuality,
n collective characteristics or traits that distinguish one person or thing from all others.
 and identity of children, and was divided into three stages: (a) a conference devoted to children ages 1-13 years; (b) a conference organized and led by youth, themselves, on children ages 14-24 years; and (c) regional conferences that focused on children to 13 years were held in six cities across the nation. The Child Welfare League of America (CWLA CWLA Child Welfare League of America ) has posted a 77-page document titled The History of White House Conference on Children & Youth with 30 appendices ap·pen·di·ces  
n.
A plural of appendix.
 on its Web site (http://www.cwla.org/advocacy/ whitehouseconfhistory.pdf )

President Jimmy Carter followed up a campaign promise to hold a White House Conference on Families in 1979, but it did not follow the process of the previous conferences and, in 1981, the funding allocated for a conference was given to states to hold their own events, which 47 states did without a White House event. In 1990, as part of the HeadStart reauthorization, legislative language allowed for a conference in 1993, but funding was not provided. President Clinton and President Bush have held different child-focused White House Conferences on school violence, early childhood development, teenagers, and missing and exploited children, but no formal White House Conference on Child and Youth.

Incidentally, the CWLA can trace its history back to the 1909 White House Conference, with the creation of the Bureau for Exchange of Information Among Child-Helping Agencies. In 1920, members of this bureau converted it to the CWLA.

In 2007, the CWLA launched a campaign to reesfablish the White House Conference on Children and Youth Under the leadership of Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Richard Nixon, White House Conferences on Children Youth involving many thousands of delegates from around the country, were held.  in 2010. All organizations or groups advocating on behalf of children are asked to join in this effort and demand that Congress and the next president authorize To empower another with the legal right to perform an action.

The Constitution authorizes Congress to regulate interstate commerce.


authorize v. to officially empower someone to act. (See: authority)
 and support such a conference. As of January 2008, there are 26 national organizations and many more state entities signed on; however, no nursing organizations are signed on in support.

A 2010 Conference at the White House reestablishing a focus on the plight of children in America's welfare system is 30 years overdue OVERDUE. A bill, note, bond or other contract, for the payment of money at a particular day, when not paid upon the day, is overdue.
     2. The indorsement of a note or bill overdue, is equivalent to drawing a new bill payable at sight. 2 Conn. 419; 18 Pick.
. We continue to see far too many children victimized by abuse and neglect. According to according to
prep.
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

3.
 the CWLA data, there are approximately 3 million reports of abuse or neglect each year, and 800,000 are substantiated. At the same time, hundreds of thousands of these children wait to be adopted many have been waiting for years. Astoundingly, fewer than half of children in care receive federal foster care and adoption support, there is an appalling lack of federal support for kinship kinship, relationship by blood (consanguinity) or marriage (affinity) between persons; also, in anthropology and sociology, a system of rules, based on such relationships, governing descent, inheritance, marriage, extramarital sexual relations, and sometimes  care, and the child welfare system is in dire need of reform.

The 2010 Conference would be a 2-year process with the first year allowing for state and local gatherings and input. In addition, setting this conference for 2010 allows a new U.S. President, starting his term in January 2009, time to focus on child welfare needs as a priority. The plan is to get funding and hold a series of events and small conferences through the 50 states in 2009. Delegates would be sent to the White House event representing all states, including the tribes, territories, and Washington, DC.

Authorizing legislation from Congress would outline the focus and goals of the conference specific to child welfare, including prevention and intervention to permanency per·ma·nen·cy  
n.
Permanence: tourists who were in awe of the permanency of the great pyramids of Egypt.

Noun 1.
 including reunification re·u·ni·fy  
tr.v. re·u·ni·fied, re·u·ni·fy·ing, re·u·ni·fies
To cause (a group, party, state, or sect) to become unified again after being divided.
, kinship care, and adoption. Congress's role through providing authorizing legislation is to appropriate the funds.

Actions for Each of Us to Take

1. Write and call your member of Congress, 202/ 224 3121 to connect to Congress.

2. Urge your organization's board to adopt a resolution of support that calls on Congress to authorize the Conference.

3. Go to the CWLA Web site (http://www.cwla.org/ advocacy/whitehouseconfl0.hrm) to sign on the call for a White House Conference on Children and Youth.

4. When authorizing legislation is introduced, support it.

I hope we all agree that the commitment of the President and the power of the White House is necessary to once again make vulnerable children a national priority and point the way to significant reform and improvements. We have traced the changes and expansion of White House Conferences for 60 years and are aware that as funding dried up, attention disappeared. The tuning is short if actual work is to begin next year. Sign up yourself and your organization's support. You will receive regular updates as the campaign progresses, alerts to upcoming key developments, and, most importantly Adv. 1. most importantly - above and beyond all other consideration; "above all, you must be independent"
above all, most especially
, you will be part of a movement to make children a national priority!

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Article Details
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Author:Sally MS, APRN,FAAN Raphel
Publication:Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Date:Nov 1, 2008
Words:1087
Previous Article:Advocacy in Action


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