2: Restrictions eased on Latin Mass.
Vatican City Vatican City (văt`ĭkən), independent state (2005 est. pop. 900), 108.7 acres (44 hectares), within the city of Rome, Italy, and the residence of the pope, who is its absolute ruler. -- On July 7, 2007, Pope Benedict XVI Editing of this page by unregistered or newly registered users is currently disabled due to vandalism. issued his long-awaited statement, Summorum Pontificum Summorum Pontificum (Literally: Of the Supreme Pontiffs) is the Apostolic Letter motu proprio data of Pope Benedict XVI, which formulates the canonical rules to be respected in the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church for the celebration of Mass according to , on the wider use of Latin in the liturgy of the Catholic Church. It was accompanied by a Letter from the Pope to the bishops of the world concerning its practical implementation.
There are to be two forms of the Roman liturgy: the ordinary form which dates from 1970, with Mass in the vernacular as introduced by Pope Paul VI Pope Paul VI (Latin: Paulus PP. VI; Italian: Paolo VI), born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini (September 26, 1897 – August 6, 1978), reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church and Sovereign of Vatican City from 1963 to 1978. . (Its official version is in Latin also.) This is the version with which most Catholics are familiar today. It features the Mass almost completely in the local language, including a selection of Eucharistic Prayers in the Canon, and a three-year cycle of Sunday readings from Old and New Testaments.
From September onwards, an extraordinary form is to be permitted using the Missale Romanum published by Pope John XXIII See also: 15th-century Antipope John XXIII.
Pope John XXIII (Latin: Ioannes PP. XXIII; Italian: Giovanni XXIII), born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli in 1962. It is said in Latin, including the readings, and uses one Eucharistic Prayer, the "Roman Canon," recited by the celebrant in a low voice, facing East. The Mass concludes with the first chapter of St. John's Gospel.
The Easter Tridiuum will not be affected by the changes. Although the ordinary form, which was twice revised by Pope John Paul II Pope John Paul II (Latin: Ioannes Paulus PP. II, Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan Paweł II) born , will remain the normal, everyday form of the liturgy, Pope Benedict For other uses, see Benedict.
Benedict is the regnal name of the current Roman pontiff, Pope Benedict XVI (2005–present) and has been the name of fourteen other popes (and three antipopes):
The Pope's new directives allow for the use of the 1962 Missal missal [Lat.,=of the mass], in the Roman Catholic Church, liturgical book containing all directions and texts necessary for the performance of Mass throughout the year. by all priests, whether diocesan or religious. Permission from the local bishop is no longer required. It may, or may not, be attended by lay faithful. Parishes may institute such Masses when requested by "a stable group of faithful." This would ordinarily work out as one Latin Mass The term Latin Mass refers to the liturgy of the Roman Catholic Mass celebrated in Latin.
Specifically, the term is frequently used to denote the Tridentine Mass: that is, the Roman-Rite liturgy of the Mass celebrated in accordance with the successive editions of the Roman on each Sunday or feast day, or, on request at such occasions as marriages or funerals. Readings at these Masses "may be given in the vernacular, using editions recognized by the Apostolic See Apostolic See
the see of the pope, at Rome ." All the Sacraments, too, may be delivered in Latin according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the old rite.
In his letter to the bishops, Benedict makes it plain that there are not now two rites, but two forms of one and the same rite. He urges the bishops to support members of the faithful who desire to introduce the extraordinary form into their parishes.
The Pope addressed two fears which may trouble bishops. One is that the wider use of Latin might detract from detract from
verb 1. lessen, reduce, diminish, lower, take away from, derogate, devaluate << OPPOSITE enhance
verb 2. the Second Vatican Council's focus on liturgical reform. He declared this fear "unfounded." While noting that the 1962 missal was never "judicially abrogated and consequently ... always permitted," he emphasized that the 1970 Novus Ordo version would continue as the regular form of worship.
Secondly, the Pope does not believe that the use of the Latin Mass will cause confusion, "or even division in parish communities," if only for the very practical reason that the knowledge and use of the Latin language Latin language, member of the Italic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. Latin was first encountered in ancient times as the language of Latium, the region of central Italy in which Rome is located (see Italic languages). is very limited nowadays. In the interest of unity and "interior reconciliation in the heart of the Church," the Pope encourages the bishops to exercise "charity and pastoral prudence" when resolving any disputes around liturgical forms in their dioceses. He emphasizes that the new norms will take nothing away from a bishop's authority. If there are any problems, these could be reviewed in three years' time. The new liturgical norms are to be observed as from the feast of Exaltation of the Cross, September 14, 2007.
International news agencies (Reuters, Assoc. Press, Guardian) did try to rouse the alarmists in opposition. Most prominent of them was the American Jewish Anti-Defamation League Anti-Defamation League
B’nai B’rith organization which fights anti-Semitism. [Am. Hist.: Wigoder, 33]
See : Anti-Semitism which immediately launched the idea that the wording of older prayers about Jews might be revived when no such thing was contemplated. The Vatican quashed that notion immediately.
As for bishops who have resisted the move, the Pope's letter addressed the fears competently and serenely.
In general, the Holy Father hopes that the wider use of the Latin Mass will effect a deeper understanding of the Mass in the local languages. In the three books he authored on the liturgy as Cardinal Ratzinger, the one thing he rejected outright as erroneous and contrary to the whole history of the liturgy in the Church, was the abrupt rejection of the Missal of Pius V Pius V, Saint Originally Antonio Ghislieri. 1504-1572.
Pope (1566-1572). A leading figure of the Catholic Reformation, he excommunicated Elizabeth I of England.
Noun 1. in 1970 and its suppression in fact, if not in theory.
The consequence of this was not only the loss of tradition. Rootless innovations in the new liturgy spilled over into other areas of theology, such as the idea that just as liturgy can be changed overnight, so Catholic doctrine in general can be as well.
Pope Benedict hopes that the reverse will now take place: a restored use of the traditional Mass updated by Pope John XXIII will better signify the unity of the Church the world over and, as noted, influence the vernacular Mass as well towards a greater appreciation of its noble and sacred character.
English-speaking nations should also remember that the process of a the new definitive translation of the Mass is well underway. The new translation is much closer to the original Latin than the hurried version produced in the 1960s. The new English missal will be complete by the end of 2007 or the beginning of 2008. It should become available by 2009. The emphasis there, too, is on unity among the numerous English-speaking countries.
Finally, the document is also a gesture of reconciliation to the followers of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre and the Pius X Society in the hope that the division with the traditionalists may be overcome.