$4.4 B super collider gets go-ahead.$4.4 B Super Collider col`lid´er
n. 1. (Physics) a
President reagan last week approvedconstruction of the Superconducting Super Collider
The Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) was a ring particle accelerator which was planned to be built in the area around Waxahachie, Texas. (SSC SSC Secondary School Certificate
SSC Standard Systems Center (USAF)
SSC State Services Commission (New Zealand)
SSC Swedish Space Corporation
SSC Salem State College (Massachusetts) ), which will be the world's most advanced particle accelerator particle accelerator, apparatus used in nuclear physics to produce beams of energetic charged particles and to direct them against various targets. Such machines, popularly called atom smashers, are needed to observe objects as small as the atomic nucleus in studies . Although some 40 states have expressed interest in becoming home to the $4.4 billion project, Energy Secretary John S. Herrington John Stewart Herrington (born May 31, 1939) is an American Republican politician. He served as the Secretary of Energy of the United States under Ronald Reagan during his second term.
Herrington was born in Los Angeles, California, and earned his A.B. says, "We have made no determination as to where the [SSc] will be sited -- and there is no front-runner."
SSC would employ roughly 10,000 superconductingmagnets to focus and guide two beams of 20-trillion-electron-volt (20 TeV) protons in opposite directions through a 52-mile, racetrack-shaped underground tunnel (SN: 9/22/84, p.181; 1/5/85, p.5). At four experimental stations the beams of protons -- accelerated to almost the speed of light -- would be allowed to collide, creating new subatomic particles.
According to the Washington, D.C.-basedUniversities Research Association, a consortium of 56 universities that helped design the project, SSC will be a "microscope of unparalleled power," able to probe distances one-thousandth the diameter of a proton to "provide unprecedented insights into the world of elementary particles and, indirectly, into the birth of our universe."
Leon Lederman, director of the FermiNational Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Ill., and other particle physicists who had pushed for the project were ecstatic at news of SSC's go-ahead. Lederman describes SSC's mission as "to study the origin of mass." Along the way, he expects "some new physics must appear."
Not all physicists share Lederman'senthusiasm. One of SSC's most vocal critics is Rustom Roy, former director of the Materials Research Laboratory at Pennsylvania State University Pennsylvania State University, main campus at University Park, State College; land-grant and state supported; coeducational; chartered 1855, opened 1859 as Farmers' High School. in University Park. To spend this much money for particle physics "will just hurt the rest of science," says Roy, who claims that "at least 99 percent of all scientists would vote against building it [SSC]." Moreover, in tackling SSC alone, the United States is "also losing a prime opportunity for the internationalization The support for monetary values, time and date for countries around the world. It also embraces the use of native characters and symbols in the different alphabets. See localization, i18n, Unicode and IDN.
internationalization - internationalisation of science," he says.