$2.96 billion in fundraising for Katrina is a record.Contributions to help victims of the Gulf Coast hurricanes, estimated to be at least $2.96 billion, has surpassed giving in a falling inwards; a collapse.
See also: Giving response to the September 11 terrorist attacks, setting what's believed to be a record for U.S. private philanthropic giving for a single disaster, The Center on Philanthropy has reported.
The center, based at Indiana University Indiana University, main campus at Bloomington; state supported; coeducational; chartered 1820 as a seminary, opened 1824. It became a college in 1828 and a university in 1838. The medical center (run jointly with Purdue Univ. , has been tracking giving by individuals, corporations and foundations. But the true total value of contributions may never been fully known as people provided one-on-one, direct assistance to individuals and groups. In its figures, the center included the monetary value of in-kind gifts only when organizations reported had done the same; the center did not assign a value to add to the total amount.
"When disaster strikes, Americans instinctively want to help, and when the tragedy hits close to home, the response is especially strong," Eugene R. Tempel, Ph.D., executive director of the center, said in a statement. "The vast scope of the long-term recovery and rebuilding and the fact that many Americans from across the country have gone to the area to help and returned with stories of tremendous needs means it's likely that we will see contributions continue for some time to come."
More than 250 individuals, corporations or foundations made contributions of at least $1 million for hurricane victims, from the likes of actors George Clooney George Timothy Clooney (May 6, 1961) is an American actor, director, producer and screenwriter who gained fame as the lead doctor in the long-running television drama, ER and Nicolas Cage to Major League Baseball's New York Yankees Editing of this page by unregistered or newly registered users is currently disabled due to vandalism. and the National Football League. Of those 250 donations, 20 were in excess of $10 million, including $32 million in cash and products from Wal-Mart and its Wal-Mart Foundation.
By far the largest recipient of the contributions was The American Red Cross American Red Cross: see Red Cross. with more than half of the total, about $1.8 billion, and a goal of raising $2 billion. Three other organizations received $100 mil lion or more: The Salvation Army Salvation Army, Protestant denomination and international nonsectarian Christian organization for evangelical and philanthropic work. Organization and Beliefs
The Salvation Army has established branches in 100 countries throughout the world. , $270 million, with a goal of raising $1.5 billion; the Bush-Clinton Katrina Fund, $100 million; and Catholic Charities USA, $105 million.
Other top recipients of charitable contributions were Habitat for Humanity Habitat for Humanity, nonprofit ecumenical Christian organization that enables low-income people to own affordable, livable housing. Headquartered in Americus, Ga., it was founded in 1976 by businessman Millard Fuller and his wife. , $78 million; United Way of America United Way of America: see community chest. , $41 million; America's Second Harvest America's Second Harvest is a United States based nonprofit organization. It consists of a nation-wide network of more than 200 food banks and food-rescue organizations that serve virtually every county in the United States as well as Puerto Rico. , $27 million; Help America Hear Project, $25 million; Humane Society A humane society is a group that aims to stop animal suffering due to cruelty or other reasons. Examples
Examples of humane societies include: The Humane Society of the United States, Peninsula Humane Society, American Humane which was founded in 1877 as a network of of the U.S., $20 million; Foundations for Recovery, $17.1 million; and Hear Now Project, $15 million. The Center on Philanthropy's tracking listed almost 300 organizations that received contributions.
The Center on Philanthropy estimated that nearly three-quarters of the nearly $3 billion in contributions was from individuals, approximately 21 percent from corporations, and almost 5 percent from foundations. The center tracked giving through the organizations, assorted media reports and Web sites.
"It's especially noteworthy that hurricane relief contributions have reached this level in just three-and-a-half months," said Patrick Rooney, the center's director of research. "Giving for the Gulf Coast region may be higher in part because of the extent of the damage, and because almost everyone knows someone who was affected or who lives in the region."
Americans responded generously to multiple natural disasters in the past year. In addition to $3 billion for the Gulf Coast, U.S.-based organizations collecting aid for disasters received nearly $1.8 billion for relief and rebuilding after the Asian tsunami and almost $80 million to aid victims of the earthquake in the Pakistan region this past fall, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. The Center on Philanthropy. Total giving for those three disasters is about $4.85 billion, less than 2 percent of total charitable giving in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. during 2004, estimated at $248 billion by the Giving USA Foundation.
Research by the Center on Philanthropy and other organizations after September 11, 2001, indicates that some non-relief nonprofits may experience short-term downturns in donations, but for most organizations those effects are not expected to have a long-term impact.
The majority of the $2 billion raised by the Red Cross, about two-thirds or $1.56 billion, is earmarked for emergency financial assistance, and another quarter for food and shelter, $513 million. Roughly $54 million is set aside for "fundraising costs," to help manage "an unprecedented volume of contributions," and $36 million for "management and general expenses," as of Nov. 10, according to its Web site.
While Habitat for Humanity has raised $78 million, to date it has spent more than $4 million on acquiring land, obtaining building materials and for operational construction coordination, according to Duane Bates Bates , Katherine Lee 1859-1929.
American educator and writer best known for her poem "America the Beautiful," written in 1893 and revised in 1904 and 1911. , PR/media relations manager for Habitat for Humanity International Habitat For Humanity International (HFHI) (generally referred to as Habitat for Humanity or simply Habitat) is an international, ecumenical Christian, non-governmental, non-profit organization devoted to building "simple, decent, and affordable" housing. . While not a first-response organization like the Red Cross, Habitat for Humanity "works over the long-term in affected areas to help low-income families build sustainable housing."
The Red Cross has been stung by criticism in the wake of major disasters. In an op-ed piece published in the Los Angeles Times Los Angeles Times
Morning daily newspaper. Established in 1881, it was purchased and incorporated in 1884 by Harrison Gray Otis (1837–1917) under The Times-Mirror Co. (the hyphen was later dropped from the name). in September, Richard Walden, president and chief executive officer of Operation USA, a 26-year-old international disaster relief agency, expressed concern about one organization receiving such a vast majority of contributions and warned Americans to "take a more disciplined look at their tremendous generosity.
"Giving so high a percentage of all donations to one agency that defines itself only as a first-responder and not a rebuilder is not the wisest home, Walden wrote. The American public, he said, gives money uncritically, and the Red Cross has "the most amazing, over-the-top fund-raising machine in place, and an army of people doing it."
"Americans ought to give a much larger share of their generous charity to community foundations, grassroots nonprofit groups based in the affected communities and a large number of international 'brand name' relief agencies with decades of expertise in rebuilding communities after disasters," he wrote.