$2 billion chicken lays golden egg.
Poultry Production Boosts Economy in Arkansas as Tyson Leads Way
WHEN IT COMES TO the Arkansas economy, there is no question about whether the chicken or the egg came first. The chicken came first, and it laid a golden egg for the state's economy.
This was never more obvious than in 1992, when the value of poultry for the first time reached $2 billion. The Arkansas Poultry Federation says the state annually produces more than three broiler broiler
a young (about 8 weeks old) male or female chicken weighing 3 to 3.5 lb. chickens for every person in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. .
"It's first time a state ever grew a billion broilers and the first time that a state had $2 billion in farm income from poultry," says Lionel Barton, Ph.D., a poultry specialist for the Cooperative Extension Service Cooperative Extension Service, in the United States, publicly supported, informal adult education and development organization. Established in 1914 by the Smith-Lever Act, it constitutes one of the largest adult education programs in the world and consists of three , University of Arkansas The University of Arkansas strives to be known as a "nationally competitive, student-centered research university serving Arkansas and the world." The school recently completed its "Campaign for the 21st Century," in which the university raised more than $1 billion for the school, used .
Poultry Plants in Arkansas Batesville ConAgra Frozen Foods (3 plants) Townsends Inc. Bentonville Tyson Foods Inc. Berryville Tyson Foods Inc. Bloomer Tyson Foods Inc. Clarksville Tyson Foods Inc. Clinton ConAgra Frozen Foods Danville Wayne Poultry Division Dardanelle Tyson Foods Inc. Decatur Peterson Industries Inc. DeQueen Pilgrim's Pride Corp. El Dorado ConAgra Broiler Co. Fayetteville Herider Farms Inc. Tyson Foods Inc. (2 plants) Fort Smith O.K. Foods Inc. (10 plants) Tyson Foods Inc. Grannis Tyson Foods Inc. Green Forest Tyson Foods Inc. Hope Hudson Foods Inc. Nashville Tyson Foods Inc. North Little Rock Tyson Foods Inc. Pine Bluff Tyson Foods Inc. (3 plants) Rogers Tyson Foods Inc. (3 plants) Russellville Tyson Foods Inc. Siloam Springs Simmons Industries Inc. (3 plants) Springdale George's Inc. Tyson Foods Inc. (3 plants) Van Buren Tyson Foods Inc. Waldron Tyson Foods Inc. Source: December 1992 "Broiler Industry" magazine.
The $2 billion poultry income was nearly half of the state's total farm income last year, and poultry has had another major impact.
"Not only did we produce a lot of chickens and realize a lot of income, but we also generated a lot of jobs," Barton says. "The number of people employed directly or indirectly in the industry approached 100,000 last year. One in 12 jobs in Arkansas has been attributed to the poultry industry."
The Poultry Federation says the average salary and benefits for all poultry companies in the state is $22,000 a year, and that pours $2 billion into the economy.
Ten of the nation's top poultry producers are located in Arkansas, including Springdale-based Tyson Foods Tyson Foods, Inc. (NYSE: TSN) is an American multinational corporation based in Springdale, Arkansas, that operates in the food industry. The company is the world's largest processor and marketer of chicken, beef, and pork, and annually exports the largest percentage of beef Inc., the No. 1 producer, and ConAgra at El Dorado El Dorado, legendary country of South America
El Dorado (ĕl`dərä`dō, –rā`–) [Span.,=the gilded man], legendary country of the Golden Man sought by adventurers in South America. , which is No. 2.
Not only is Arkansas the leader in broiler production, but it also is sixth in egg production and third in turkey production. Arkansas poultry can be found on dinner tables in Russia and several other countries.
Several areas of the state have benefited from expansions in growing and processing operations, but northwest Arkansas has been the major beneficiary.
"Northwest Arkansas is hustling hustling Medical practice The illegal soliciting of victims of accidents or dread disease, to provide them with services; after being hustled, the Pt's insurance company is usually billed for office visits and treatment. See Ambulance chaser. and bustling bus·tle 1
intr. & tr.v. bus·tled, bus·tling, bus·tles
To move or cause to move energetically and busily.
Excited and often noisy activity; a stir. because of WalMart, the trucking industry and poultry," Barton says. "Washington and Benton counties Benton County is the name of nine counties in the United States:
The trucking industry owes much of its success to the poultry industry, Barton says. The companies began their good fortune hauling rice hulls Rice hulls (or rice husks) are the hard protecting coverings of grains of rice. In addition to protecting rice during the growing season, rice hulls can be put to use as building material, fertilizer, insulation material, or fuel. from eastern Arkansas to poultry producers in northwest Arkansas to use as litter litter /lit·ter/ (lit´er) stretcher.
1. A flat supporting framework, such as a piece of canvas stretched between parallel shafts, for carrying a disabled or dead person; a on the floors of chicken houses and hauling chickens in refrigerated re·frig·er·ate
tr.v. re·frig·er·at·ed, re·frig·er·at·ing, re·frig·er·ates
1. To cool or chill (a substance).
2. To preserve (food) by chilling. trucks.
Poultry also has spurred the growth of another major area industry: cattle. Most poultry growers also raise cattle and use the litter from their poultry operations to fertilize pastures PASTURES, pastures. The land on which beasts are fed; and by a grant of pastures the land itself passes. 1 Thorn. Co, Litt. 202. .
Northwest Arkansas-Based Poultry Companies Company Headquarters 1992 Revenues Tyson Foods Inc. Springdale $4,168,840,000 Hudson Foods Rogers 809,243,000 O.K. Industries Fort Smith 403,000,000 Peterson Industries Inc. Decatur 150,000,000(*) George's Inc. Springdale 150,000,000(*) Simmons Industries Inc. Siloam Springs 225,000,000(*) Sources: Company officials and annual reports; * Not confirmed by company officials. Figure is from 1993 Million Dollar Directory or 1993 Dun's Business Ranking.
How did Arkansas become a power in poultry production when poultry was already well established in Georgia and the three-state area of Delaware, Maryland and Virginia?
Arkansas is closer to major consumer markets in the Midwest and the western United States Noun 1. western United States - the region of the United States lying to the west of the Mississippi River
Santa Fe Trail - a trail that extends from Missouri to New Mexico; an important route for settlers moving west in the 19th century and to the major grain suppliers, Barton says. Arkansas producers can purchase feed more cheaply than the other states, he adds.
It also didn't hurt that the popularity of poultry has been rising steadily. Americans consumed 95.6 pounds per person last year--up 3.4 pounds over 1991. Poultry's share of the total meat consumed increased from 11 percent in 1940 to 37 percent in 1992.
"The reason poultry is so popular is the fact that it has been on the cutting edge of technology for a long time," Barton says. "It's in a product that the consumer is demanding."
Dr. Pamela Brady, a foods specialist for the Cooperative Extension Service, agrees. She says the American consumer is looking for Looking for
In the context of general equities, this describing a buy interest in which a dealer is asked to offer stock, often involving a capital commitment. Antithesis of in touch with. quality and convenience in food, and poultry fills the bill.
"Everybody wants food quickly," she says. "Chicken fits into our lifestyle a lot better than many other meats."
Arkansas Poultry Production & Income History Commercial Broilers Year No. of Raised Gross Income 1940 8,700,000 $5,011,000 1950 49,179,000 36,904,000 1960 180,397,000 91,155,000 1970 450,779,000 202,310,000 1980 634,877,000 657,000,000 1990 951,300,000 1,378,434,000 1992 1,022,500,000 1,529,660,000 Turkeys Year No. of Raised Gross Income 1940 125,000 $228,000 1950 496,000 2,641,000 1960 2,132,000 10,387,000 1970 7,258,000 33,543,000 1980 14,500,000 106,416,000 1990 22,000,000 185,812,000 1992 25,000,000 196,650,000 Source: Arkansas Agricultural Statistics Service
What does the future hold for the industry?
Barton says that per capita [Latin, By the heads or polls.] A term used in the Descent and Distribution of the estate of one who dies without a will. It means to share and share alike according to the number of individuals. consumption of poultry will continue to expand for the foreseeable fore·see
tr.v. fore·saw , fore·seen , fore·see·ing, fore·sees
To see or know beforehand: foresaw the rapid increase in unemployment. future.
"I don't see industry growth stopping in Arkansas," Barton says. "I see growth spilling over into Oklahoma and Missouri."
He says that genetic technology alone is allowing poultry production to grow at an annual 2 percent to 3 percent rate.
Barton also says the University of Arkansas will continue to play a leading role in expanding and helping the poultry industry.
The Poultry Center of Excellence, a state-of-the-art $20 million research facility scheduled for completion in 1995, will address problems such as industry food safety, genetics, disease, nutrition and management, Barton says.
Barton's broiler energy unit project has compared ways to heat and cool broiler houses, and data from this project will help industry develop energy-efficient systems.
Lamar James is James I, king of Aragón and count of Barcelona
James I (James the Conqueror), 1208–76, king of Aragón and count of Barcelona (1213–76), son and successor of Peter II. a communications specialist for the Cooperative Extension Service, University of Arkansas and a former business reporter for the Arkansas Gazette The Arkansas Gazette, known as the oldest newspaper west of the Mississippi River, was for many years the newspaper of record for Little Rock and the State of Arkansas. .