"Women and the paradox of economic inequality in the twentieth-century".
Michael B. Katz, Mark J. Stern, Jamie J. Fader, "Women and the
Paradox of Economic Inequality in the Twentieth-Century"
This article uses the history of women in twentieth-century United
States to explore the paradox of inequality in American history: the
coexistence of durable inequality with immense individual and group
mobility. Using census data, the article traces inequality along four
dimensions: participation, distribution, rewards, and differentiation.
Differentiation, the article argues, resolves the paradox of inequality
by showing how mobility reinforces rather than challenges existing
social structures. The analysis highlights differences in women's
experiences by cohort and race and emphasizes the role of education,
technological change, and, especially, government's impact on labor
markets. The article concludes by evaluating and extending Charles
Tilly's theory of durable inequality in light of the trends in